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Museum and Library of Hungarian Agriculture - Budapest
The museum building
Address: 1146, Budapest Városliget, Vajdahunyadvár
Phone number: (1) 363-1117
Opening hours: 01.03-31.10.: Tue-Sun 10-17
01.11-28.02.: Tue-Fri 10-16, Sat-Sun 10-17
2011.06.22. - 2019.12.31.
agriculture, animal husbandry, economy, horse transportation, military sciences, public road, public transport, services, temporary exhibition
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Museum tickets, service costs:
Individual ticket
300 HUF
Individual ticket
600 HUF
Ticket for adults
1200 HUF
Ticket for students
600 HUF
Ticket for pensioners
600 HUF
Individual combined ticket
700 HUF
Individual combined ticket for adults
1700 HUF
Individual combined ticket for students
1100 HUF
Individual combined ticket for pensioners
1100 HUF
Guide for adults
5000 HUF
/ capita
Group guide for students
3000 HUF
Group guide
8000 HUF
Domestication of horses changed the course of human history. Domesticated helped people populate inland and spreading of nomadic people. Horses provided transportation, changed ways of hunting, warfare and last but not least, agriculture. Just like other domesticated animals, horses provided meat and milk. They represented value in society. These roles existed side by side for centuries, though with ever changing significance.

The importance of horses in wars was recognized in Antiquity. Chariots were used in nearly all Mid-eastern and European empires. Nomadic war tactic in the bleaks came with a lot of mobility for armies, making fast changes of places possible and using weapons at the same time possible. During the reign of Árpád House kings in Hungary, the face of warfare similar to that of the knight in Western Europe became popular in Hungary, too. It came with new type of horses, harnesses and training. During Ottoman rule, cavalry had to fulfil new requirements. Hussars formed applying to these new requirements in the 15th century. The armature and uniform of the Hussars also changed.

Horses also played important role in transportation. The exhibition presents various horse carriages and wagons, various types of the Hungarian invented 'kocsi-coach'. The means of public transportation was horse-drawn vehicles, mail-coaches, and also the horse tramway or the omnibus, where the ancestors of taxis were hansom-cabs and fiacres.

Technological development in the 18-19th century led to horse being the man power sources in agriculture. The exhibition deals with the role horses played in agriculture via presenting the history of wheat. A life-size diorama shows how a horse-drawn plough worked. Original photos and scale models help us show how sowing, harvesting, transportation of grain was done by the help of horses.

Horse keeping was also considered important on national level. Thus, national guide to horse keeping, horse pedigree and famous national stud farms are also dealt with. Showing the history of horse breeding in Hungary would be impossible without mentioning Hungarian breed horses. Gy├Ârgy Vastagh Jr and L├íszl├│ Vastagh made life-size horses of some of the breeds or an outstanding horse itself.

By the 20th century, horses lost their importance due to motorization. The historic review of these would be impossible without demonstrating the role horses play these days. We talk about the most important gallop and trotting races, and the most important horse sports. Traditional horse sports in Hungary, such as dressage tests, show-jumping, military or coach-driving, and some less popular or less known, volteging we also deal with.