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Hungarian National Gallery - Budapest
Address: 1014, Budapest Szent György tér 2.
Phone number: (1) 201-9082
Opening hours: Tue-Sun 10-18
The Hungarian National Gallery, Hungary's largest exhibited collection of fine art, is located in the Buda Palace, buildings A, B, C and D.

Permanent collection: middle ages and renaissance antiquities: gothic wooden sculptures and panel paintings: late gothic triptychs: late renaissance and baroque art: 19th and 20th century painting and sculpture.

Permanent exhibitions
The collection contains fragments of sculptures, carved architectural elements of artistic value, and fragments of tombstones from the period stretching from the 11th to the 16th century.

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The exhibition is introduced by the post-1945 changes, works of art created in the spirit of progressiveness but at the same time linked to pre-war antecedents and testifying to a synthesis of styles that existed side by side and influenced each other (Expressionism, Constructivism, Surrealism, etc.). Visitors can see works from the 1950s: genre paintings, depictions of work and workers, and portraits in accordance with the dictatorship's arts policy of the day, these are stylistically homogeneous and follow the themes laid down at this time. In the next rooms there are works by a new generation.

Non-figurative trends existing in parallel appear as adaptations of Abstract Expressionism as well as of (Neo-)Geometrical, Structuralist and Organic endeavours. Figurative tendencies, versions of Pop Art and Hyperrealism, also significant at the time, are on view in the last section. On the corridor opening from the last row of rooms radical Avant-Garde works can be found primarily built on the use of photography, consisting largely of action documentations, and objects.

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The ground-floor exhibition of wooden sculptures and panel paintings from the Late Middle Ages continues on the first floor, in the former throne room of the palace, and in two connecting rooms. Here a total of fifteen mostly complete winged altarpieces are on display, along with numerous altarpiece fragments. The majority of the works of art on show here are from the early 16th century. In terms of the number of complete altarpieces and their artistic quality, this assemblage is one of the most important of its kind in Europe.

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Our exhibition, presenting 19th-century art, surveys the work of almost 100 years, beginning in the late 18th century. Here we can see almost all the important works from the time of National Romanticism that have for generations determined the national visual memory. Including such major emblematic works of historical painting as The Women of Eger, The Mourning of László Hunyadi and The Christening of Vajk, the most significant historical paintings by Viktor Madarász, Mór Than, Sándor Liezen-Mayer, Bertalan Székely, and Gyula Benczúr fill two impressive rooms on the first floor.

In the adjacent rooms the visitor can see landscapes by Károly Markó as well as major works by József Borsos, Miklós Barabás, Mihály Zichy, Gyula Benczúr, and Bertalan Székely. A separate room presents the work of the greatest renewers of 19th-century Hungarian art: Pál Szinyei-Merse, Mihály Munkácsy and László Paál. The one-time ballroom of the palace displays works of Naturalist and early plein-air painting that in many instances paved the way to Modernism. Works by László Mednyánszky, Géza Mészöly, Lajos Deák-Ébner, Simon Hollósy, and István Csók form the backbone of this unit.

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