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Temesvár Fine Art Museum - Timişoara
The museum building
Address: 300085, Timişoara P-ţa Unirii nr. 1
Phone number: (256) 491-592
Opening hours: Tue-Sun 10-18
The "European Paintings" permanent exhibition is closed at the moment due to resurrection!

19th Century, fine art, graphics, history, Modern Era, painting, permanent exhibition, Romania
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Museum tickets, service costs:
Ticket for adults
5 HUF
Ticket for students
1 HUF
Ticket for pensioners
1 HUF
Photography
10 HUF
Video
20 HUF
In the 18th century, in the halls of the Local Council and in the Palace of the county there were already portraits of emperors, commanders and local dignitaries. Some of these were signed by some masters from Vienna or from Budapest, and some by local artists. Sava Petrovič, Konstantin Daniel, Melegh Gábor and later, in the second half of the century, Johann Wälder or Ferenczy József were called to finalize the portraits in the council hall of the town-hall's palace.

The town rarely purchased works of the artists from Banat. Thus, at the begenning of the 20th century two compositions of big dimensions were bought and laid down at the museum: "The Wedding from Cana" (a copy after Veronese) of Brocky Károly and "The Colonization of the Schwabs in Banat" of Stefan Jäger.

The interest of the high level of society in artist becomes more and more profund together with the modernization of the region and with the establishement of commercial and cultural relationship with the Occidental Europe. The region of Banat became more frequently searched for, visited more often by well-known artists, there were sale art exhibitions, and the museum initiated guidance for the anxious ones, but especially for the young generation. The official Showes became more profitable in provincial cities. Although the commanders from churches or the officials of the county often opted for artists from Vienna or from Budapest for greater orders, the local painters often competed with these. Adolf Humborg, Stefan Jäger, Ferenczy József, Ioan Zaicu and Stevan Aleksič were well-known names in the world of artists, not only in the geographical limits of Banat, but also abroad.

Their talent was doubled by serious studies in the great European centres: in Vienna, Rome, Budapest, Paris or Düsseldorf. Most of them graduated from the famous academies at the end of the century, they present the last "academists" with their spirit already released from the outrun barriers of school.

Their names, besides many others, mark the begenning of a new and modern period of painting in Banat. The artistic life of the region and Temesvár (Timişoara, Temeswar) changed during the years following the First World War. If until the great conflagration, the Academy from Budapest, Vienna or München absorbed most of the young talents from the province in order to offer them a classical training in the domain of art, afterwards the top attraction was suggested by the Schools of German painting and the wonderful bohemian town of culture: Paris.

The geographical zone and often the ethnical group the artists belonged to, outlived their options to a certain degree and their manifestations underwent small restrictions because of the specific culture and the underwritten rules of the communities they lived with. All these influences, from remote places or derived from the life circle, highlighted the specific characteristics of the Banat county in the creation of the artists in the region.

After the end of the war, the artistic life of the Temesvár underwent a new effervescence. The city activated the creators and attracted very many artists from other areas. It was the beginning of a period when they started setting up contacts with those from different regions: artists from the Eastern part of the Romanian realm often arrived to Temesvár, some invited by people of culture or their fellows, others still unknown, were trying to become famous in the city of the Béga. The public from Banat started to discover the values emphasised by the Romanian painting school. It was about the beginning of the series of manifestations organised in Kolozsvár (Cluj-Napoca, Klausenburg) and of the exhibition exchange with this town of Bucharest.